Music Appreciation

Classical and Popular Music Through the Ages

Music is a wonderful topic to study. Many people appreciate listening to music. Throughout different periods in history, there have been a wide variety of different types of music created by talented composers and played by great musicians and artists. Music can be harmonious, melodic, inspiring, and joyous. Music can be soothing and relaxing, or music can be lively and energetic. Music is the melody of the heart and the soul. Furthermore, music can have a good beat and rhythm that can make one want to get up and dance. In the composition, creation, and performance of music; the possibilities are infinite.

The main photo to the left is of a violin made in 1863 A.D.

Note: If you do not have Windows Media Player or QuickTime, then click on the following link(s) to download Windows Media Player or QuickTime for listening to music:

Click here to listen to music featuring the violin: Mozart’s Violin Concerto in D, Movement 3 (0:16 minutes).

Some of the most famous composers and/or musicians, to name a few, from their respective time periods were:

The Bible period to the Middle Ages: David from the Bible, Hildegard of Bingen;

The Renaissance: Giovanni Gabrieli, Biovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Claudio Monteverdi;

The Baroque Era: Johann Pachalbel, Arcangelo Corelli, Antonio Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel, Georg Philipp Telemann;

The Classical Era: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Franz Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert;

The Romantic Era: Fanny Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn, Hector Berlioz, Frederick Chopin, Johann Strauss II, Georges Bizet, Johannes Brahms, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Guiseppe Verdi, Clara Josesphine Schumann, Robert Schumann, Jenny Lind;

The Romantic Legacy: Antonin Dvorak, Giacomo Puccini, Claude Debussy, Amy Marcy Cheney Beach;

Early 20th Century: Bela Bartok, Charles Ives, George Gershwin, Arnold Schoenberg, Igor Stravinsky;

The Modern Age-Clasical: Aaron Copland, Judith Weir, Leonard Bernstein;

Music in Film and/or Popular Music: The Andrew Sisters, Bing Crosby, Judy Garland, Rogers & Hammerstein, The Beatles, The Beach Boys, Charlotte Church, Madonna, Britney Spears, Elvis Presley, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, etc.

What is harmony?

Harmony in music is when the notes are concordant. One instrument can play harmonious notes, or one voice can sing a harmonious vocal piece. Harmony is also the result of combining musical notes in chords. Additionally, two instruments can play in harmony. Likewise, two singers can sing in harmony. Furthermore, a whole orchestra can play in harmony, or a whole choir can sing in harmony. Synonymous with harmony is: agreement, accord, concurrence, unanimity, cooperation, unity, unison, oneness, peace, compatability, congruity, consonance, blending, balance, symmetry, euphony, agreement, in tune.

“The progression of harmonies in a musical work gives us a feeling of order and unity” (Machlis & Forney, p. 24).


Burrows, J. (Ed.). (2005). Classical music. New York: Dorling Kindersley Limited.

Machlis, J. & Forney, K. (2003). The enjoyment of music. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

Stanley, J. (2005). Classical music: The great composers and their masterworks. London: Octopus Publishing Group Ltd.